The Trans-Siberian Railway is the longest railway in the world and connects the far east of Russia with Moscow and the Sea of Japan, as well as China, North Korea, and Mongolia.
There are three railway lines that run from Siberia to Moscow. This network of lines is known as the Trans-Siberian Railway. The lines connect places like China, Mongolia, Siberia, Russia, Japan, and all the little places in between. To catch a ride on one of these lines, you'll need to board at one of the terminals in Moscow, Beijing, or Vladivostok.
The railway has quite a history. During the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, the single railway line caused delays in delivering supplies and soldiers, as it could only go one way. This allowed the Japanese to advance upon the Russians as they waited for their necessities and caused the Russians to lose the war.
The Trans-Mongolian Railway is just one of the network's lines, but was only added to the railway in the mid 1900's. It branches off from the Trans-Siberian Railway to cover the areas of Naushki, the Russian-Mongolian border, Sükhbaatar, Ulan Bator, Zamyn-Üüd, Erenhot, Datong, and Beijing.
When taking any of the Trans-Siberian Railway lines, there are a few things you should consider to make your trip enjoyable:
- Food and beverages are offered in the dining car, but the lines do make stops where you can purchase snacks on the platform.
- If you can, bring a long a language dictionary to help you make requests for simple things.
- The journeys are long and sleep cabins are available, but you will want to dress comfortably for your trip.
- Make sure you have all the necessary documentation/visas to cross borders - the railway is not responsible if you get left behind.
- Pre-order your tickets - if you wait until the last minute, there's a good chance there won't be any seats left.