History and Architecture of Antoni Gaudi Buildings in Barcelona

Posted by North South Travel Blogger · Jun 05 · in Barcelona, Spain · about Culture & History

In total, there are 7 properties that were constructed by Antoni Gaudi – the master architect. They are all in or near Barcelona and are a clear testimony to the creative contribution of Antoni Gaudi towards the architecture and building technology in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

The monuments represent Gaudi’s personal touch and the free reign given towards the gardens designs, sculpture and decorative arts and architecture. The following are the 7 buildings that Antoni Gaudi built:

  • Parque Güell
  • Palacio Güell
  • Casa Mila
  • Casa Vicens
  • Gaudí’s work on the Nativity façade and Crypt of La Sagrada Familia
  • Casa Batlló
  • Crypt in Colonia Güell

The Antoni Gaudi’s works are a classic example of building typology that was adopted in the early 20th century.  It is also a classic example of ideal city gardens that were dreamt by the urbanist in the 19th century and implemented in the 20th century. The buildings showcase the interchange of values associated with artistic and cultural currents of the time. They El Modernisme of Catalonia is an architectural style that emerged from this interchange, and which, Antoni Gaudi used extensively in his works.

History

1852 – Antoni Gaudi was born in a small town called Resu that is located on the southern end of Barcelona. The architect dies in 1926 through a road accident.

1880 to 1915 – The Catalonia Modernisme architectural movement was extended to the WWI along with other styles such as Naturalism, Art Nouveau and Arts and Crafts. The movement was motivated by the tradition of expressing a national identity that was particular to Spain. The architectural style differed from others in that it represented popular cultural identity. The materials and techniques used were authentically Spanish.

The most spectacular of Gaudi’s work is the Church of Sagrada that was based on a Latin cross. The work on the church had been started by architect Francesc del Villa in 1882 in the Gothic revival style. Gaudi made some fundamental changes in the first project and continued working on it until his death.

Additional buildings that make up the World Heritage Site include: Casa de Botines (1892), Casa Calvet (1898), the residential villa of Figueras, or Casa Bellesguard (1900) and Casa Batlló (1904-7).

Make sure you get a chance to visit this great destination during your Spanish tour.

For more information on tours of the Sagrada Familia or flights to Barcelona, please contact one of the Travel Specialists at North South Travel today

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