How would you like to travel into the interior of the vast Chinese territory and experience authentic Chinese culture? Well, there is no better place to do this than in the ancient city of Xian, the capital of China's Shaanxi Province. The city is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, having been the capital under Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui, and Tang dynasties. With a history that spans over 3,100 years, you would be interested to read through the following highlights of its history.
1. The remains of the Latian Man, believed to have been the ancient resident of Xian (500,000years ago), was found in 1963 in the Latian county.
2. In 1954, a Banpo Neolithic village was found in the outskirts of the city and is believed to be 6,500 years old.
3. 11th Century BCE - With the founding of Zhou Dynasty, the city of Xian became an important cultural and political center.
4. The city would later become a very important capital during the dynasties of Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui, and Tang
5. After Tang Dynasty collapsed in 905 AD, the city was greatly devastated and the residents were forced to move to Luoyang, the new capital. The Ming dynasty would later order the construction of a wall around the city in 1370 to fortify it - the wall remains to this day.
6. 20th Century - In the year 1911, the Qing Dynasty was overthrown, a move that led to the massacre of the Manchus who lived on the northern sector of the city. Later, the Xian incident happened within the city and as a result, the Kuomintang (KMT) and Communist Party of China agreed to unite and instead of fighting each other they agreed to fight the Japanese.
Today, the city of Xian is mainly reliant on tourism as a major component of its GDP. It is one of the few cities in China that have retained a rich traditional Chinese cultural scene. If you are yet to visit the city, then you have not really experienced the authentic Chinese culture.
For more information on Accommodation in Xian or Flights to China, please contact one of the Travel Specialists at North South Travel today