The Tugendhat Villa is an outstanding example of a style of architecture known as Modern Movement. It was designed by a German architect called Mies Van der Rohe together with her husband Fritz Tugendhat. The two were members of the industrial families that resided in the City of Brno in the former Czechoslovakia.
The architect accepted the commission in 1927 and by 1930, she had completed the villa. The architect was in charge of all the details of the work including the furniture of the house. Their designs have become world renowned.
The Modern Movement architecture took root in the 1920s and 1930s in the North America and Europe. Mies van der Rohe was one of the principal architects of this type of housing. During the German occupation the Tugendhat family left Czechoslovakia and the villa. The villa was taken over by the German State in 1939. During this time, the villa would lose most of the original furniture and was subjected to alterations and damage. After the war, the State of Czechoslovakia took over the villa and established the Tugendhat Villa Fund that helped under take the restoration of the villa.
The Tugendhat Villa is a detached house that is located on the residential district of the city of Brno. The villa is entered from the north side of the lot and features a small garden. The building has 3 floors; with one facing the street and the others facing towards the garden. The villa has a flat roof and the uppermost floor features a terrace that overlooks the garden. Other rooms within the villa include; family bedrooms, garage, caretaker’s lodgings, winter garden, reception room, music room, study and library, sitting areas, dining room and many more.
The most distinguishing feature of the villa is the onyx wall that was brought from African Atlas Mountains. The house is centrally air conditioned and heated. It also features a regulated fine spray humidifying the chamber. Whenever you are in Czech, make sure you get to visit this symbolic Modern Movement architectural marvel. It may yet inspire you to build something similar for yourself.
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