In 447 BC, the Athenian Empire reached its Zenith. It is during this period, under Pericles, that the Empire started to construct what would be called the Acropolis of Athens. Inside Acropolis, one of the major buildings was Parthenon, a temple dedicated to Athena (the goddess of wisdom and courage).
The temple's construction was completed in 438 BC but its decoration went on until 432 BC.
The Parthenon is the largest surviving classic Greece building. It epitomizes the power enjoyed by the Doric Order during these times. It is considered the symbol of Athenian democracy and Western Civilization. The temple occupies a pedestal sport in the world's cultural monuments list.
Dimensions and Technical Details
The Cella at the temple measures 29.8 meters by 19.2 meters while its total size is 69.5 meters by 30.9 meters. The temple was designed by Athenian architects Iktinos and Kallikrates and its sculpturing work was done by a master sculpture known as Phidias.
- 3rd Century AD - Fire breaks out and destroys most of the roof and sanctuary of the Parthenon.
- 4th Century AD - During the reign of Julius the Apostate, restoration works at the Parthenon are done.
- 435 AD - Theodosius II, ruler of Byzantine Kingdom orders closure of all pagan temples
- 6th Century AD - Converted to Christian Church and became the Church of the Parthenos Maria (Virgin Mary),
- 1018 - After a win over the Bulgarians, emperor Basil II went there on pilgrimage. By this time, it had become one of the 4 most celebrated pilgrimage churches in the Eastern Roman Empire.
- 1456 - The Ottoman Turks invade. They briefly restore it into a church and later convert it into a mosque.
- 1687 - The Parthenon sees extensive damage by the Venetians under the leadership of Francesco Morosini. Apparently, the Ottoman Turks had fortified the Acropolis and used the Parthenon as a gun powder store.
- Today - sometimes after this the Parthenon exchanged hands with several European powers, with some of the artifacts ending up in the British Museum but in 2007negotiations for their return to Greek Began
As a tourist, there is no better place to visit in Greece than the Parthenon. Buried inside those walls is a big part of the world history that you would be glad to learn. Make it your number one priority to visit this great Greece monument.
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