Today, New York City, a city located on the eastern coast of the United States is home to the headquarters of the United Nations as well as a global power in the fields of commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. But this was not always so. Below is a brief history of the city's metamorphosis from a small trading harbor 650 years ago to a global city today.
1. New Yorks areas such as Long Island, Staten Island and Manhattan, and the Lower Hudson Valley were all occupied by the Native Americans such as the Algonquian tribes prior to the arrival of Europeans.
2. The first recorded European to set foot in New York was Giovanni da Verrazano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown who sailed a ship called La Dauphine. He would call the area "Nouvelle Angouleme" and claim it for the French Crown.
3. Next to arrive to the coastal city was a Spanish explorer known as Captain Estevez Gomez who sailed for Emperor Charles V. He is said to be the first person to carefully chart Hudson River and map the American coast.
4. The first non-native American to inhabit what would be later a big New York City was Dominican trader Juan Rodriguez, a Dominican and a Portuguese of African descent.
5. Manhattan (called New Amsterdam then) was the first place to have been settled by Europeans. Common legend has it that the area was bought for $24 worth of glass beads from the natives.
6. The British took over the city in 1664 when Peter Stuyvesant, the Director-General of the colony of New Netherland gave up the city without bloodshed.
7. From this point on, it became a popular trading post and grew in might under slave labor and was until 1783, the main slave trade center in the northern hemisphere.
8. Due to the great Irish famine, by 1860, 1 in every 4 New Yorkers was born in Ireland.
9. In the 1920s, the city became the city of choice during the great south migration. From then on, the city has grown in importance, building skyscrapers and attracting business in Equal measure. The worst disaster to hit the United States happened on September 11, 2001 when the city's twin towers collapsed.
10. New York continues to be one of the best places to do business in the 21st century. It is the place to be if you to expand your business. It is home to New York Stock Exchange, the biggest stock market by capitalization. It is also home to Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University.
The New York City is great in all accounts - business, sports, education, innovation, culture, entertainment, architecture etc. Apart from maybe Tokyo in Japan, no other city can claim such a rapid growth in such a short time in history.
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